In wet conditions, a sump pump can save you from costly repairs by preventing flooding in your basement or crawlspace.
Sump pumps come in a few different types and models, so if you’re looking to install or upgrade yours, it’s important to know which is best for your home’s needs.
At Triton Plumbing, we can consult with you to help you find a sump pump that fits your budget and your needs.
What sump pumps are available, and what does your home require?
Keep reading to find out.
What Is A Sump Pump?
An estimated 60% of Canadian homes have below-ground wetness.
This can lead to basement flooding as well as mold and mildew growth.
Sump pumps are the leading way to keep the area under your home dry and prevent flooding below-ground.
Located in the lowest part of a basement or crawl space, a sump pump is a small pump whose purpose is to move groundwater away from the house’s foundation.
How Does A Sump Pump Work?
A sump pump is usually installed into a specially constructed sump pit, which works by way of water flowing into it through drains or through soil; the sump pump then pumps the water out to a storm drain.
A sump pit usually has a gravel base, and is about 2 feet deep and 1.5 feet wide.
When the sump pit fills with water, the pump turns on, moving the liquid through the pipes and away from your home.
Usually, this pipe has a check valve, which prevents water from flowing back through the pipes and into the pit.
One way sump pumps can be directed to turn on is through a float activator arm.
This works like the arm in your toilet tank, where a ball floats on top of the water to move the arm as the water level rises.
Another way sump pumps can turn on is through a pressure sensor, which turns on the pump when water exerts more pressure on the sensor than air does.
They are less common due to convenience, but manual pumps are also available.
What Type Of Sump Pump Do You Need?
There are primarily three types of sump pumps available: submersible, effluent, and pedestal.
Each of these types have different designs, and their suitability ranges depending on your home’s individual situation.
1. Submersible Sump Pump
A submersible pump sits below water level and is encased in a waterproof housing.
It has an outlet pipe near the top, and a grate at the bottom of the pump to keep out debris.
It works by sucking water up through the grate, routing it into the pipes and out of your home.
Generally, submersible pumps are easy to handle, efficient, and long-lasting compared to the other options.
2. Effluent Sump Pump
Effluent pumps aren’t, in fact, sump pumps.
They are usually only used if a home has an effluent basin or tank.
Instead of removing flood water, they remove wastewater from home water sources such as laundry, showers, and sinks.
They operate automatically, and are not suitable for every home, so talk to us before you have one installed to make sure it’s the right option for you.
3. Pedestal Sump Pump
Pedestal sump pumps are best for smaller sump pits where submersible pumps can’t fit.
Pedestal pumps contain an inlet pipe which reaches into the pit to pull water out.
They have a motor – which is not waterproof – mounted high on a shaft, outside of the pit, with a vertical float switch inside the pit where water collects.
Generally, pedestal pumps are louder, less expensive to purchase, and easier to access and maintain, all due to the motor being above the water level.
Don’t Forget About A Battery Backup
Sump pumps are electric.
Due to this, if you experience a power outage, your sump pump will stop functioning; if this occurs during a rainstorm, you will still be at a risk for flooding.
A battery backup pump can help you in these situations.
Powered by a marine-grade car or boat battery, these backups can run your pump for up to 12 hours.
Contact London Plumbing
If you are looking to upgrade your sump pump or install one for the first time, Triton Plumbing can help find the right sump pump for you.
We have years of experience in the repair, maintenance, and replacement of all types of sump pumps.
When you call Triton Plumbing, we’ll make sure your basement is protected from flooding.
Contact Triton Plumbing today.